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Broccoli is an edible green plant in the cabbage family whose large flowering head is eaten as a vegetable.The word broccoli comes from the Italian plural of broccolo, which means "the flowering crest of a cabbage", and is the diminutive form of brocco, meaning "small nail" or "sprout".Broccoli is often boiled or steamed but may be eaten raw.
Broccoli has a reputation as a superfood. It is low in calories but contains a wealth of nutrients and antioxidants that support many aspects of human health.Broccoli is a cruciferous vegetable, alongside kale, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, bok choy, cabbage, collard greens, rutabaga, and turnips.Cruciferous vegetables contain a range of antioxidants, which may help prevent the type of cell damage that leads to cancer.Some scientists have suggested that cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli may play a role in “green chemoprevention,” in which people use either the whole plant or extracts from it to help prevent cancer.A 76 g cup of broccoli provides 5.4% to 7.1% of an individual’s daily requirement for fiber.Broccoli is believed to be native to China and has been cultivated since ancient times. Broccoli is an excellent source of vitamins A and C, calcium, and folate. It also contains some antioxidants such as beta-carotene and lutein, and vitamins K and B9. It is available year-round.